Hawaii is the most isolated population center on the face of the earth. Hawaii is 2,390 miles from California; 3,850 miles from Japan; 4,900 miles from China; and 5,280 miles from the Philippines.

The state of Hawaii consists of eight main islands: Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Maui, Molokai, Lanai, Kahoolawe and the Island of Hawaii.

Hawaii is the only state that grows coffee.

Two of the tallest mountains in the world - Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa dominate the center of the island (Mauna is Hawaiian for mountain)

More than one-third of the world's commercial supply of pineapples comes from Hawaii.

There are thirteen letters in the Hawaiian alphabet, a, e, i, o, u, h, k, l, m, n, p, w, and the consonant ʻokina, which looks like " ʻ " and represents a glottal stop. It's important in names like Hokuleʻa or Hawaiʻi. (For native English speakers, a glottal stop is the sound between the two parts of "uh-oh," which has no written representative in the Latin alphabet, from which the Hawaiian alphabet was derived.)

From east to west Hawaii is the widest state in the United States.

The Hawaiian Islands are the projecting tops of the biggest mountain range in the world.

Honolulu's zenith star, (the star that rises directly above it) is Arcturus. The Hawaiians called it Hokule'a. (Hoe koo lay uh.)

Under-sea volcanoes that erupted thousands of years ago formed the islands of Hawaii.

The Hawaiian Archipelago consists of over 130 scattered points of land stretching some 1,600 miles in length from the Kure Atoll in the north to the Island of Hawaii in the south.

Hawaii was the 50th state admitted to the union on August 20th, 1959.

The Island of Hawaii’s flower is the red Ohia Lehua – it is found only on the Island of Hawaii

Hawaii has its own time zone (Hawaiian Standard Time.) There is no daylight savings time.) The time runs two hours behind Pacific Standard Time and five hours behind Eastern Standard Time.

Hawaii Island is Hawaii's largest at 4,038 square miles. It is twice the size of all other Hawaiian Islands combined.

The largest contiguous ranch, in the United States, is on Hawaii Island. The Parker Ranch near Kamuela has about 480,000 acres of land.

At 800,000 years Hawaii Island is the youngest of the island chain. However, it was the first island discovered by voyaging Polynesians.

Kilauea volcano on Hawaii Island is the world's most active and largest volcano.

Ka Lae is the southernmost point in the United States. It is located at 18:54:49 N 155:41:00 W. There is a constant 27 knots per hour wind blowing east to west, 24 hours per day and 365 days per year.

Most of the world's macadamia nuts are grown on Hawaii Island.

Mauna Kea is the tallest mountain in the world (measured from its base at the ocean floor).

The island houses the world's biggest telescope and more scientific observatories in one place than anywhere else in the world.

Hawaii Island is the worldwide leader in harvesting macadamia nuts and orchids.